10 Crucial Team Roles in a Software Development Team

Many people think that to create an app, it is enough to hire a single developer. However, as the complexity grows and the development time increases, it becomes clear that someone has to perform other roles, even if they are not clearly defined. Users represent those people who are going to be working with the system on a regular basis. Users can be at any level of the organization, from employees on the work floor to senior executives – this really depends on the nature of the system being developed.

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Change managers decide on whether to accept or reject the changes that are proposed for a software product. Change managers may also be responsible for budget, timelines, and some project requirements. Typically, there are several change managers involved in the project. UX and UI Designers are responsible for bringing the software to life by researching the demands of the target audience, interviewing the users about their requirements, and gathering other data.

Any development team is responsible for ensuring sufficient security and robustness of the solution it designs. He or she is involved in the development process to a certain degree. How high that degree is largely depends on the development methodology chosen. This individual or organization is the end sponsor who finances and orders development, provides requirements and feedback on the final product and deliverables. A quality assurance manager is responsible for converting project requirements into working and functional testing scripts for ensuring that the product requirements are successfully met. These are the conditions that must be met to build a strong team of mobile app developers who can do their best.

skills of highly effective software testers

This approach implies building a development team of people with a highly diverse set of skills. Great results are reached thanks to the face-to-face communication and the cooperative effort of all members. For some projects, the front-end and back-end tasks might be handed to a full-stack developer. As a full-stack developer is familiar with both the front- and back-end of software development, they can work on databases and algorithms as well as visual appearance.

Software Development Team Roles

The user experience designers ensure that end users have a positive experience using the software. They check the functionalities if it’s user-friendly and easy to navigate. At times, they assist the product owner in conducting user interviews and market research. A highly skilled and efficient development team is your ticket to success.

#2 Product Owner – the ultimate decision-maker

Web DevelopmentOur software development team creates websites and apps using modern technologies and taking into account concepts of user-friendly design. As you see, a software product development team structure differs from a project to a project. That means that you roles in software development team will put a team together – member by member – as if collecting seashells on the coast. To wrap up this part, we should have named the most important member of the team, but that’s impossible. It is united with one idea – make the users fall in love with the product.

Also, an important skill besides writing a coherent code is estimating the amount of time needed to deliver a given task. Product Owners work in the Agile methodology, are very flexible and accustomed to complex projects. They have to be able to work in an unstable environment where things are constantly in flux due to changing conditions, requirements and plans. There are companies that have more than one PO – it happens that a Chief Marketing Officer becomes the PO and the other way round – assuming they have the right skills. They are also the ones who take full responsibility for blockers that are beyond the team’s ability to fix. The scrum master makes it a point that each opportunity for improvement is made transparent to the scrum team.

Build projects around motivated individuals, give them the environment and support they need, and trust them to get the job done. Take time to learn about the expertise of all the specialists who will be part of your potential team. When the software is ready, it’s time to assess its performance. This stage allows fixing critical issues before they lead to critical losses.

Scrum roles and the truth about job titles in scrum

This could include software engineers, architects, programmers, analysts, system admins, QA experts, testers, UI designers, etc. Lastly, having a technical team lead or solution architect adept at developing software is also essential for a team’s success. Besides experience, the leader should also have management skills to lead the members to the desired outcome. A software development team may also include subject matter experts who lend their expertise to specific areas of development when required. Software architects participate in the selection of quality assurance tools and are accountable for continuous integration and deployment. Above all, the architecture should allow for changes and growth.

The main focus of this specialist is set on product usability and functionality. For large projects, an architect should be a full-time employee. This team member is responsible for high-level documents , alignment of architecture with the customer technical requirements. He/she structures the project, distributes tasks between developers, and helps them with difficult issues. The analyst is responsible for writing and keeping up-to-date requirements.

One such company is CyberCraft – a trusted offshore software development company from Ukraine which provides remote dedicated development teams at a low cost to clients from all around the world. Once you have several development teams formed, you might also need a chief architect. This is the person who coordinates all your teams, builds consensus around a product’s architecture and design, and oversees the general development process from a technical point. This expert ensures that the development team and stakeholders are on the same page. They translate business goals into clear development tasks to match the final product with its business value. What it doesn’t do is provide a one-size-fits-all model for teams to work within.

Make sure the company complies with security standards that are demanded of your project, such as ISO, PCI, HIPAA. Project managers focus primarily on the execution side of the product manager’s plan. A step-by-step guide on how to drive a scrum project, prioritize and organize your backlog into sprints, run the scrum ceremonies and more, all in Jira. Consider these things even before you take the first step in hiring your team.

Construction stage: leading the team through the development process

In the analogy of building a house, the system analyst is like the architect. A design for a new system is very much like a blueprint for a house and provides detailed specifications for what the final system is supposed to look like and how it is supposed to work. During the course of a project, a Scrum Master oversees a team’s progress through agile project management techniques.

  • Even if you start all by yourself, you’ll still need a team to work on your project.
  • He keeps track of the process of development, defines and monitors the risks, and deals with the problems.
  • A developer has to be a problem-solver, understanding both concepts and obstacles clearly, finding solutions and implementing them.
  • Since then, we switched to the generalist approach on this project.
  • This storage is often necessary for the basic functionality of the website.

If you want to achieve all this and more, remember to find the right product owner. A PO has to be flexible, creative, diligent and also analytical as their decisions must be based on ongoing business analysis and following market trends. They do everything to help the development team fulfill requirements in a fast-paced environment. Well, you cannot skip this role when building a development team if you want to avoid issues. While agile mentors do not have any responsibility in executing product development, they are required to have relevant experience in applying agile principles. They also need to be knowledgeable about the latest and most effective agile techniques and approaches.


Developers themselves or a project team are responsible for building the actual product and meeting the deadlines for deliverables. They are communicating with the team lead, project manager, and oftentimes other stakeholders such as the client, users, etc. A situation in which development participants are unaware of the scope of the project or are outside the scope of the goals should not be tolerated. Each team member needs to understand his or her role and scope of tasks, and be informed of the slightest change in the project work. So that you can hire the most suitable mobile app development engineers, we provide full support – from comprehensive advice on your requests to full-scale involvement of technical talents in your project.

Software Development Team Roles

Also, this specialist is not required in small teams working on narrow technical problems that are likely to be solved by a senior developer. A software architect mentors and coordinates technical teams, promoting their vision of the right solution and standards of quality. To win respect and authority, solid leadership skills are required. Cloud service providers speed up software development, offering numerous ready-to-use solutions. Not to reinvent the wheel, a software architect must be expert in cloud technologies, knowing what tools to use in each case. This ability can be proved by 3+ years’ experience in working with a particular provider or/ and certification from AWS, Microsoft Azure, or Google Cloud.

Crucial roles in software development teams

However, if you’re going to completely redesign an existing app, launch a fully functioning product, or deal with another complex software solution, the number of team members you’ll need will increase. There’s a misconception that software engineers can create an app’s design themselves. But in this case, your app will look exactly like thousands of other apps. Trying to make it fit into one may result in an app that looks cheap and unattractive. They bridge existing demands, pain points, and troubles with a real solution embodied in your software application.

This is the length of time it takes to deliver the final ready-to-use solution to the end users. A team is responsible for adhering to the agreed upon time-to-market, and keeping all the deadlines. Obviously, we want every element of the developed solution to be functional i.e. serve its purpose. A database admin is someone who creates and manages databases for specific software solutions. This requires sufficient understanding of a project’s needs and being able to design effective database solutions for meeting these needs. Mobile developmentOur team efficiently works in the area of mobile development and creates apps that fully fit customers’ needs and allow them to attract thousands of new users.

After analyzing and reviewing the client’s requirements for the software and researching possible issues, a tester’s main task is to plan, design, and execute various manual or automated checks. From testing the main features and functions of the product to checking the performance, speed, usability, security, and how the app or software reacts under heavy load. What are the most important roles in a software development team, and what are the responsibilities of each member? The owner also offers value by providing team members with access to expert stakeholders. Close and ongoing collaboration with stakeholders can be an important success factor with development projects, because they are the people who stand to gain the most from the outcome.

Therefore, when you hire people for a team, make sure they have solid communication skills and are predispositioned to teamwork. Good communication means a productive and friendly working environment and ensures high productivity. A QA Manager tests a product for whether a software solution works properly and follows the client’s requirements. To sum up, the elaboration phase is the most significant stage for the architect when important choices influencing the effectiveness and success of the future product are made. At the end of this phase, the architect provides design blueprints with major modules, their interactions, and the most critical low-level components inside them.

Development team members are responsible for designing and building the software products required by stakeholders. The team leader helps create and maintain conditions that enable other team members to succeed in completing their tasks, so they take on the role of a coach or mentor. Such a person can help keep the team focused on the tasks at hand, to deliver work on time and meet the goals of the project. This individual is the person on the project who is the voice of the customer and therefore plays a major role in ensuring the success of the project. The key component for success with the Agile Method, as with many other business initiatives, is not the technology but the people involved. They are responsible for creating software to validate the quality of the application developed by the software development team.

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